Malawi is a small country with a very human high population density and the second highest rate of deforestation in Southern Africa. These combined factors have resulted in fragmented protected areas scattered throughout the country. As a result, isolation, encroachment and habitat loss is threatening much of Malawi’s remaining elephant population.

Malawi is home to two transboundary elephant populations, the largest of which is found in the north of the country. This population is geographically important as it provides a transboundary link to priority populations in the Luangwa-Zambezi Valley through the Malawi-Zambia Transfrontier Conservation Area (MZTFCA). These populations facilitate elephant dispersal and movement, thereby ensuring source-sink population dynamics which are crucial to population persistence.

The Malawi Elephant Research Project prioritises identifying and understanding transboundary movement corridors in Malawi. This project is run in partnership with Elephants for Africa. Elephants for Africa promotes the conservation of African elephants through research and education in Botswana and through multiple collaborative partnerships throughout Southern Africa. Together, we also assess the population dynamics, and behavioural and spatial ecology of elephants in the Malawian section of the MZTFCA.

Findings from this project are used to inform and fill knowledge gaps identified by Malawi’s National Elephant Action Plan and support cross-border corporation, law enforcement and human-elephant conflict mitigation work.